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Babylon Gods and Goddesses


The Babylonian period of history lasted from 2000-539 B.C. The Babylonian people had many gods, but these varied depending on where they lived and what they needed. While some gods had been around for a long time, others would be added here and there throughout their history. At times a new god would be added, present a generally same role as another already-present god, yet have a slightly different role and description. When learning about Babylonian gods it is important to remember that some gods were "borrowed" from the Sumerians or at least had similarities to their gods.

Earth gods and goddesses

Kishar: This is a female goddess of the earth. Her brother is Anshar, who she was partnered with, and had a son named Anu. Her deity relates to horizontal submissiveness, as the Babylonians decided she was goddess of the horizon.

Antum: She was a consort to Anu, Kishar's son. Not much is written about her, except that she was a goddess of the earth.

Ninhursaga: Some information denotes this goddess to be in charge of fertility and others call her a lady of the mountainside. Both, however, claim her as a Sumerian goddess. Logic may denote that she was borrowed or adopted by the Babylonians and claimed to be a lady of the mountainside. Because she had dual citizenship among Sumerians and Babylonians, many different titles and descriptions befell her.

Heaven gods and goddesses

Anu: Already claimed as the son of Kishar and the partner of Antum, this god is claimed to be a god of heaven, or the sky. Both heaven and sky refer to the same '" heaven. Anu is also painted as a god equivalent to the Greek god Zeus, on a certain scale. Both are proclaimed gods of the gods. Anu is said to also have dual citizenship between Sumeria and Babylon, and have dual powers over heaven and hell. He was said to send demons to people on earth. Apparently, he retired to a higher level of heaven and allowed the younger gods and goddesses to rule over everything else. Another name seen for Anu is Anshar.

Ningizzia: Like a few other gods, not much is written about Ningizzia. He was not truly a god of heaven, but a guard to its gate, as well as those in the east and for morning. Hell was his residence.

The gods and goddesses of heaven and earth are similar to a monarchy, with their sons and daughters ruling under them, beside them and in their place of absence. Regardless of stature, all Babylonian gods were well taken care of, as were the priests of the gods' temples. The gods' statues possessed garments which were cleaned on a regular basis, and the gods were fed and given offerings, which the priest of the each temple was in charge of handling. Many refer to worship of this time as pagan worship.